Virtualization is a hot topic in today’s IT industries. The main objectives behind the virtualization concepts are consolidation of multiple servers into a single server, which in turns reduced the total cost of ownership along with less power consumption, cooling, and manageability cost. VMware’s ESX, Microsoft’s Hyper-V, Citrix’s Xen servers are the mostly used products when we are discussing about server virtualization. Unlike servers, sometimes, we might need to have virtual machines running on out of our desktop, while we are testing a new feature of an existing software, or installing a new software to try its functionality. I am sure, many of you, are already using some types of desktop virtualization software. Some of the available desktop virtualization software are Microsoft’s Virtual PC, VMware’s VMWare Workstation, Oracle’s Oracle VM, VMLite’s VMLite Workstation. In this post, we are going to create a Virtual Machine using VMLite Workstation.
About VMLite Workstation
VMLite Workstation is a free desktop virtualization software available both for 32-bit & 64-bit platform. You can run this software on your existing Windows XP/Vista/7 machine. It also supports 64-bit guest OS, the feature which was lacking with many desktop virtualization software. The installation of VMLite is very easy, mostly you click on the Next button to continue the installation. Currently, I am running VMLite Workstation on a Windows Vista 64-bit machine. Once you installed VMLite Workstation, you can open it from your system’s Start Menu (Start –> Programs –> VMLite Workstation –>VMLite Workstation). You will get the following screen after you lunch VMLite Workstation.
After you open the VMLite Workstation, click on the File Menu and click on Preferences. A new window will open, with a few options as mentioned below. While on the General tab, you can specify the location of your default Virtual Machines folder & its virtual hard disk folder. By default, the virtual hard disk extension for VMLite Workstation is .VDI.
Once you specify a location for your virtual machine & its virtual disks, click on Ok to close the Preferences window. Since we have made the necessary changes, now we will look into how to create a virtual machine using VMLite. Open the Machine tab of VMLite Workstation and click on New VM to create a new virtual machine.
You will get the welcome screen, click on Next to continue.
Now, we need to specify the name of the Virtual Machine and choose the OS we want to install. VMLite Workstation supports many different versions of Windows & Linux distro. In this post, we are going to create a virtual machine (VM) for Windows Server 2008. Click on Next to continue.
Once we choose the desired operating system, we need to assign the memory for this VM. I am going to assign 512MB of memory for my current VM, Next to continue.
Now that we have chosen the desired OS and the amount of memory for our VM, its time to create a disk for our machine. If you have an existing virtual hard disk, you can choose it from the drop down menu else to continue to create a new virtual hard disk.
Click on Next on the Virtual disk wizard to continue.
You need to choose the type of virtual disk for your VM. A Dynamic Virtual disk grows dynamically till its occupies maximum available free spaces available on the disk. A Fixed-Size Storage occupy all the assigned spaces immediately from the physical drive. Choose the type of disk drive you want to use and click on Next to continue
Specify the size and location of the virtual hard drive and its extension. VMLite Workstation supports the following extension for virtual disks, i.e. VDI, VHD, & VMDK. Once you enter all the information, click on Next to continue.
A summary of the details about the virtual hard disk will be displayed. Click on Finish to create the virtual hard disk for the VM.
Once the virtual disk is created, you will provided the detailed summary about the configuration of your virtual machine. Click on Finish to create the virtual machine.
Now we have created a virtual machine, lets configure a network adapter for this machine. On the details tab in VMLite Workstation, click on Network to open the Network Configuration.
Configure the Network Adapter as mentioned below. If you create multiple VMs, with this network configuration, all the VMs will be able to communicate each other, if all the present in the same subnet.
VMLite Workstation 3.2.x supports the USB devices, you will be able to access your portable drives inside VMs. In a future post, we will discuss how to access a USB drive using VMLite Workstation.
I hope, this post will be helpful if you are trying to configure a virtual machine using VMLite workstation. If you are already well versed with any one of the desktop virtualization software, I am sure, you will find the implementation of VMLite Workstation is very easy.
Happy Learning !!